How Long Should A Lithium Battery Last – The invention of lithium batteries completely changed our world. They power everything from our smartphones and power tools to large power distribution systems and electric vehicles. They are also extremely energy-efficient, low-maintenance and long-lasting. But how long exactly do lithium-ion batteries last? And is it really worth the money?
We’ll answer these questions and more below as we take a deep dive into all things lithium. This includes how long it will last, whether or not it will expire, and how you can get the most out of your investment. Let us begin.
How Long Should A Lithium Battery Last
Lithium-ion batteries are the most advanced form of commercially available battery technology we have today. As the main component of their chemistry, they use lithium ions, which contain many more valence electrons than other types of batteries. This means they can store much more energy for their size.
Charging Your Lithium Ion Batteries: 5 Expert Tips For A Longer Lifespan
Like all batteries, lithium batteries have an anode, a cathode, a separator and an electrolyte. However, their electrochemistry is what makes them unique. They can use a number of different materials for the cathode, but the most common are: lithium phosphate, lithium oxide, and nickel manganese and cobalt oxide.
When it comes to the anode, graphite is the most common material you’ll find in lithium-ion batteries. It is porous, has excellent conductivity and has a good voltage corresponding to the cathodes mentioned above. This combination of materials creates a battery that is unrivaled in terms of energy density, weightlessness and longevity.
The answer to this question will depend on the battery. There are many different types of lithium chemistries and package designs that vary drastically. For example, a pocket lithium polymer with a cobalt aluminum oxide chemical composition can only achieve 100 discharge cycles. However, a high quality cylindrical lithium iron phosphate cell can exceed 20,000 cycles under the right conditions.
Our Battle Born lithium batteries can last anywhere between 3,000-5,000 usable discharge and charge cycles under real world conditions. However, this does not mean that your battery will automatically stop working after five thousand discharges. This simply means that your battery will not perform as optimally as when it was new. In most cases, lithium batteries will still retain 75-80% of their energy capacity as they age.
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While “3,000-5,000 cycles” is the standard life of a lithium-ion battery, there are ways to extend battery life to average closer to 5,000 cycles. First, make sure you are using the correct lithium battery charger. Although lead-acid chargers can send power to your lithium batteries, they do not charge them optimally. You probably won’t get an adequate depth of charge like you would with a lithium charger.
Draining your batteries. Yes, lithium ion batteries are great because they can handle 100% depth of discharge and still perform exceptionally well. However, if you can avoid this repeatedly, you will greatly extend the life of your batteries.
Finally, it is best to avoid charging batteries in extremely cold weather. While lithium iron phosphate batteries can easily handle dramatic temperature changes compared to other types of batteries, they will not allow charging if their internal temperature drops below 24 degrees Fahrenheit. Protects against lithium plating, which can be dangerous and cause short circuits.
Lithium batteries don’t necessarily expire, but they do experience a small amount of energy depletion as they sit. Specifically, when left in the right conditions, our LiFePO4 batteries will discharge 2-3% each month. So you can go back to completely dead batteries if you let them sit long enough without charging. However, it takes a long time, so if you are storing batteries for example over the winter, it is often not very long. .
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For our Battle Born lithium batteries, we recommend disconnecting the batteries from any power source. These include radios, clocks and other small electrical outlets. Store your batteries with at least 50% charge. If you store fully charged batteries in the right conditions, they can last for a whole year. Any less and it doesn’t have to take as long.
Unlike lead-acid batteries, batteries do not necessarily need to be removed and stored at temperatures above freezing. In fact, your LiFePO4 batteries will be fine in typical freezing temperatures as long as you fully charge them and disconnect them from any power source. However, if you expect temperatures to drop below -15 degrees Fahrenheit, we recommend removing it and storing it at higher temperatures.
Yes! You can and should recycle lithium batteries when you’re done with them. At Battle Born, we pride ourselves on making batteries without hazardous materials. However, batteries that are still slightly charged can be a fire hazard if shorted. In addition, your lithium batteries contain critical and limited raw materials. In other words, once those resources are gone, they’re gone. For this reason, we need to reuse as much as possible what we already have in order to have batteries in the future.
So what is the easiest way to recycle batteries? Start by sending them back to where you bought them. Most battery retailers have a system for recycling the batteries they sell. If not, they will know where to direct you. You can also find drop-off locations for lithium batteries at www.earth911.com and www.call2recycle.org/locator. If you have additional questions, please call our support team in Nevada at (855) 292-2831 for assistance.
What Happens To Lithium Ion Batteries At The End Of Their Life?
Compared to the lead-acid batteries of the past, lithium-ion batteries are truly superior in every way. They weigh less, have more power and have a lower self-discharge rate. They also require less maintenance and have a much longer lifespan. Yes, you’ll pay more in upfront costs, but the overall savings are significant. That’s why we believe lithium-ion batteries are totally worth it. They provide a hassle-free and reliable way to store large amounts of energy when you need it most.
We know that building or upgrading an electrical system can be overwhelming, so we’re here to help. Located in Reno, Nevada, our sales and customer service team is ready to answer your questions at (855) 292-2831!
All about batteries – Isabelle Sourmey – Application Engineer at Saft Connected Energy Division – January 13, 2022
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The industrial lithium-ion batteries that power your remote control or portable devices offer a robust design and high energy density for long life even in extreme temperatures. Their service life is directly related to the method of charging, discharging and operating temperatures.
In this article, we’ll explain how these batteries work and share our top 5 tips for charging your industrial lithium-ion batteries to optimize their life. You will discover how balancing speed and charging speed is crucial for industrial applications, as well as for your mobile phones, laptops or e-bikes.
Lithium-ion batteries consist of two electrodes: positive and negative. When you charge or discharge a battery, electrons pass through an electrical current outside the battery and ions flow from one electrode to the other. It is as if both electrodes are breathing and exchanging ions in and out.
When the battery supplies current, electrons move from the anode to the cathode outside the battery. The use of reverse current allows the battery to be recharged: electrons are sent back to the anode and lithium ions are reinserted into the cathode. This will restore the battery capacity. The entire charge/discharge process is defined as a cycle. The number of cycles your battery can perform varies depending on the manufacturing process, chemistry and actual use.
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The capacity of a rechargeable battery is measured in Ah. For example, the Saft MP 176065 xtd boasts a capacity of 5.6 Ah, which means that 5.6 A can be delivered in one hour at 25 °C in one cycle.
Good management of depth of discharge (DoD – the percentage of capacity taken from a fully charged battery) and maximum charge voltage can also improve the number of cycles a battery will be able to perform and therefore its operational life.
This article focuses on charging best practices, but we’ll cover charging practices in the next article.
Top tip 2: Respect the CCCV charging process, especially in floating mode (the charger is your best friend)
There Is No Li Ion Battery Recycling Standard, But That May Be About To Change
Charging a lithium-ion battery is not that simple. The charger you choose plays a key role here, because the way the parameters are set affects the battery life. Do not connect it to any power source or use a charger designed for another technology (nickel-cadmium or lead) unless you want to face safety issues.
Proper charging of a lithium-ion battery requires 2 steps: A constant current (CC) sequence.
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