How To Backwash A Pool With A Cartridge Filter – To get the most out of your garden pool, it is essential to regularly clean and maintain the filtration system. In this article, you will learn how to clean a pool filter and other helpful pool maintenance tips.
Whether it’s an inground or above ground pool, your pool maintenance routine becomes a lot easier when you know how to take care of the type of filtration system you have.
How To Backwash A Pool With A Cartridge Filter
To keep your pool water clean and clear, it is essential to clean your pool filters before they become clogged or too dirty. When the pool pump circulates the water through the filter system, dirt and debris particles get trapped in the filter.
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Microscopic contaminants such as algae, bacteria, body oils and sunscreens are also filtered out. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly clean the filter of all accumulated debris to maintain constant water flow levels and prevent clogging.
Part of maintaining in-ground and above-ground pools is to keep the filter clean. This is an easy task if you have pool-friendly plants and trees as part of your landscape.
The best way to clean your pool filter depends on several factors: what type of filter you have, how often you use your pool, what your climate is like and whether or not you have hard water.
Always make sure to read the cleaning instructions for the specific pool filter carefully before performing any maintenance procedure to avoid accidental damage.
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There are three main styles of swimming pool filters: cartridge filters, sand filters, and diatomaceous earth or DE filters. Each type of filtration system has unique advantages and different maintenance protocols.
Read on to find out all about cleaning your pool filter cartridge, backwashing a sand or DE filter, and extending the life of your pool filter.
If you are looking to clean a green pool, cleaning the filter is an important part of the process.
Cartridge filters, such as the Hayward, are the most commonly used type of pool filter because they are efficient and easy to maintain. They are also more environmentally friendly because they require less water consumption during the cleaning process.
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A cartridge filter works by pumping pool water through a cylindrical filter cartridge made of pleated polyester fabric. The fabric traps particles in the water and captures smaller particles than other pool filters.
When it comes to how to clean the pool filter cartridge fabric, there are several approaches. Choosing one depends on how dirty the filter is and what supplies you have available.
Turn off the pool pump with the switch, then purge air from the system using the pump’s air vent valve, usually above the filter.
Remove the top of the filter. Consult your user manual to ensure you do not accidentally damage the filter housing.
Best Way To Clean A Pool Cartridge Filter
After removing the pool filter cartridge, inspect it carefully for any signs of cracks, tears or other damage. If the filter is damaged, it must be replaced.
Also check the O-ring on the filter tank. Replace if you notice cracks, dry rot, or warping. Alternatively, apply a non-petroleum-based lubricant to prevent it from drying out before the next cleaning.
Using the angled garden hose spray nozzle works best to reach between the folds of the filter cloth. Avoid using a pressure washer as this may damage the cartridge.
You can use dish detergent to clean the pool filter cartridge. Mix a cup of detergent in five liters of water and soak the filter for three to ten hours.
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Use the spray nozzle attachment on the garden hose to rinse the cartridge until the water is clear before reassembling the pool filter.
If the pool filter is dirty, soak the cartridge in a vinegar and water-based cleaning solution for several hours. The acidic nature of vinegar is ideal for killing algae in a pool, as well as bacteria and breaking down calcium deposits.
Vinegar is safer and more environmentally friendly than muriatic acid, which causes severe chemical burns and lung damage if it comes in contact with your skin and eyes or if you inhale the fumes.
After rinsing, immerse the filter cartridge in a large bucket and fill it with a cleaning solution consisting of equal parts water and distilled white vinegar. Soak the filter for three to ten hours.
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About halfway through the soaking time, put the filter back into the bucket to make sure all parts of the filter are exposed to the vinegar solution. After soaking, rinse the filter again before reinstalling it.
Sunscreens and body oils are difficult to remove from a pool filter. However, using a stiff bristle brush on the cartridge filter to remove contaminants can damage the polyester or paper creases.
To remove stubborn debris, be sure to use a soft-bristled brush specifically designed for cleaning cartridge filters to avoid accidentally damaging the cartridge.
In a five-gallon bucket, mix the ingredients and dip the filter cartridge into the cleaning solution. Boil for three to ten hours. After immersion, rinse the cartridge before reassembling the filtration system.
Pool Sand Filters
Always check your filter maintenance manual and warranty information before using do-it-yourself cleaning products to make sure you don’t damage the product or void the warranty.
Sand filters are the most affordable swimming pool filters. Pool water is pumped through a filter tank filled with silica sand, which traps pollutants and debris before pumping clean water into the pool.
While they are inexpensive, easy to maintain, and long lasting, they are not as effective at capturing the smallest particles in the water.
The medium sand filter has a filtration rate in microns of 20-40 ppm, while cartridge filters typically have a filtration rate in microns between 5-20 ppm.
Pressure Cartridge Filters And Systems From
Always refer to the specific pool filter maintenance manual when cleaning to avoid accidental damage.
To determine when to clean the sand filter, pay attention to the system pressure gauge. Most filtration systems operate between 5-20 psi. Check your owner’s manual for any recommendations specific to your system.
Clean the sand filter when the filter gauge reads eight to ten psi above average. Turn off the pool pump, then move the filter valve to the backwash position.
Turn the pump back on and flush the system for at least two minutes or until the water in the filter sight glass is clear. During backwash, slowly add sand filter cleaner to the skimmer.
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After the initial wash is complete, turn off the pump and set the filter valve to the “rinse” setting.
Turn the pump back on and wash the filter for at least one minute. Finally, turn off the pump and turn the filter valve to the “filter” position and turn the pump back on.
In general, the sand in the pool filter should be replaced every three to five years. However, the life of the silica filter sand depends on how often the pool is used, the oil and grease levels in the water, and whether there is hard water.
If you notice that the filter is running slowly or inefficiently, or the backwash cycles are shorter than normal, it is very likely that the filter sand is dirty and clogged.
De Vs Sand And Cartridge Pool Filters
With the accumulation of excess oil and grease, the sand sticks and the water cannot pass as expected. Instead, it creates a channel along the side of the accumulated sand and is pumped back into the pool without filtration.
Diatomaceous earth, or DE filters, are the most effective, albeit the most expensive, pool filters. A DE filter works similar to a sand filter.
Pool water is pumped through a fine white powder made from fossils of single-celled aquatic plants called diatoms. DE powder filters out the smallest particles in water, down to four microns.
Additionally, DE filters are more energy efficient, using less energy to pump pool water through fine DE dust than other filters. Like a sand filter, DE filters are backwashed. However, some additional parts of the DE filtration system also require cleaning.
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Clean the DE pool filter whenever the gauge reads eight to ten psi above average. Always read the specific maintenance tips for your pool filter in your owner’s manual to avoid accidental damage.
The first step in cleaning the DE filter is to run a wash cycle to remove excess debris. Turn off the pool pump, then set the filter valve to the “counter current” setting.
Restart the pool pump and run the backwash cycle until the water coming out of the drain hose is clean. Turn the pump off again and return the filter valve to its normal position.
Open the air vent valve and remove the drain plug to empty the filter tank. Once drained, open the filter tank according to the instructions in the user manual and remove the manifold.
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Take out the nets and rinse them with the garden hose. Also rinse the inside of the filter tank with the garden hose.
Replace the filter reservoir cap after lubricating the O-ring or gasket and release excess air through the air vent valve. Turn on the pool pump and close the air vent valve as soon as the water begins to drain. The pool pump must be running before adding DE powder.
Check your owner’s manual for the exact amount of DE powder to add.
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