How Long Does An Ev Battery Last – It is the most important and most expensive component of the car. Fortunately, it covers the distance.
In many ways, an electric car is mechanically simpler than a conventional electric car. Electric engines have fewer moving parts than gasoline engines, electric cars use only single-speed gearboxes, and electric cars avoid more than two dozen common automotive parts that will eventually fail and require replacement.
How Long Does An Ev Battery Last
However, one concern that comes up in consumer surveys is the battery life of electric cars. In a recent study by Cox Automotive, 46% of those considering an electric vehicle feared the battery pack would last 65,000 miles or less. Of course, replacing an electric car battery is an expensive proposition. For example, a new battery for the Chevrolet Bolt EV is said to cost upwards of $15,000, not including labor costs.
How Much Does It Cost To Replace The Batteries In Electric Vehicles?
However, while an electric car’s battery pack will eventually lose its ability to fully charge, it may not fail completely, but rest assured that it will lose capacity over time. At the time, we didn’t see reports of old battery-powered cars heading for the junkyard because their batteries died. Despite selling thousands of units over eight years of production, Nissan says the Leaf EV only needs a decent amount of battery replacement.
The lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles are similar to those used in cell phones and laptops, only they are much larger. They are quite different from the heavy lead-acid batteries used in conventional vehicles and have a higher energy density than rechargeable nickel-metal hydride batteries. They also lose less power when not in use than other batteries. EV battery packs typically contain several hundred individual cells connected together, depending on the model, rather than one large unit.
The battery capacity of electric cars is expressed in kilowatt-hours, abbreviated as kWh. More here. Choosing an EV with a higher kWh rating is like buying a car with a bigger gas tank so you can drive more miles before needing a “fill up.” In that case, know that the electric car’s control system prevents the battery from being 100% fully charged or 100% discharged, maintaining its performance and extending its useful life.
The Environmental Protection Agency rates electric cars based on their energy efficiency and estimates the average range of each model when fully charged. However, as they say, your mileage may vary. If you own an electric car and find you’re not getting close to the estimated range, it doesn’t mean the car’s battery is seriously depleted.
Ev Batteries 101: Degradation, Lifespan, Warranties, And More
For starters, driving at constant high speeds drains more battery power than when you’re stopped and driving around town. This is counterintuitive to many because it contrasts with the performance of a gasoline engine car, which uses less fuel at highway speeds than in traffic. In addition, it takes more power to drive a car full of passengers and cargo than a car with a driver.
Importantly, extreme temperatures, especially cold, can interfere with both the battery’s performance and ability to accept a charge. Using the heater or air conditioner also consumes more battery on average. A study by AAA found that when ambient temperatures drop to 20°F or below and the vehicle’s heating system is used, the average range of an electric vehicle is reduced by 41%. When the mercury hits 95°F and the air conditioner is on, owners can expect the range to drop an average of 17 percent.
Some electric vehicle buyers use extended warranties to alleviate any concerns about excessive battery drain, and this is not particularly necessary. Therefore, all electric vehicle batteries sold in the United States are guaranteed for at least 8 years or 100,000 miles. Kia offers a 10-year/100,000-mile warranty on the battery packs in its electric cars, while Hyundai goes further with increased lifetime coverage.
Keep in mind that some automakers only wrap the battery when it completely loses its ability to charge, which is extremely rare. Others, including BMW, Chevrolet, Nissan, Tesla (Model 3) and Volkswagen, will replace the pack if the power drops to a certain amount, usually 60-70%, within the warranty period.
Electric Vehicles, Second Life Batteries, And Their Effect On The Power Sector
But how long will it take before electric cars lose their ability to fully charge? As mentioned above, although an electric vehicle battery will degrade slightly with each charge and discharge cycle, it is a very gradual process. For example, according to data compiled by Plug In America, a Tesla Model S battery pack loses only 5% of its original capacity in the first 50,000 miles, and the rate of depletion slows from there. . In a recent Tesla discussion on Reddit, most Model S owners reported that the car’s original battery capacity had only been lost a few percentage points after a few years of use.
On the other hand, electric cars stored in the hottest climates can lose battery capacity a little faster than cars in temperate regions. Extreme temperatures are the enemy of lithium-ion chemistry, which is why many electric cars come with liquid-cooled batteries. In addition, older electric cars with a relatively short range may break down more quickly. This is because regularly draining most or all of a battery’s charge will decrease its capacity more quickly over time. This is often a fraction of the daily available power and much less for today’s long-range models, which provide “off” at night.
Excessive use of public Level 3 DC fast charging stations (which can bring electric vehicles to 80% capacity in 30 minutes) can also affect long-term battery life. This is because the faster an electric car is charged, the hotter it gets and again, this is not good for the battery. However, a study conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory concluded that this effect is not particularly clear. INL tested two similar pairs of 2012 Nissan Leafs, one that relied solely on a 240-volt Level 2 home charger and the other on a DC Fast Charging public charger. After every 50,000 miles of driving, the difference between Tier 2 and Tier 3 vehicles’ declining battery capacity is only 4%.
Here’s the bottom line: With proper care, an electric car battery can last more than 100,000 miles before its range is limited.
Things You Can Do If Your Car Runs Out Of Battery
The average life of an EV battery is estimated to be about 200,000 miles, which equates to nearly 17 years of use if driven 12,000 miles per year.
In the future, Tesla says it is working on technology that could allow its electric car batteries to last up to a million miles. Now it’s a full-time component of the machine.
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China Strengthens Lead In Global Ev Battery Market
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